A novel glucosylation reaction on anthocyanins catalyzed by acyl-glucose–dependent glucosyltransferase in the petals of carnation and delphinium

AUTHORS Yuki Matsuba, Nobuhiro Sasaki, Masayuki Tera, Masachika Okamura, Yutaka Abe, Emi Okamoto, Haruka Nakamura, Hisakage Funabashi, Makoto Takatsu, Mikako Saito, Hideaki Matsuoka, Kazuo Nagasawa, and Yoshihiro Ozeki
ADMIN(S) Yuki Matsuba
ABSTRACT Glucosylation of anthocyanin in carnations (Dianthus caryophyllus) and delphiniums (Delphinium grandiflorum) involves novel sugar donors, aromatic acyl-glucoses, in a reaction catalyzed by the enzymes acyl-glucose–dependent anthocyanin 5(7)-O-glucosyltransferase (AA5GT and AA7GT). The AA5GT enzyme was purified from carnation petals, and cDNAs encoding carnation Dc AA5GT and the delphinium homolog Dg AA7GT were isolated. Recombinant Dc AA5GT and Dg AA7GT proteins showed AA5GT and AA7GT activities in vitro. Although expression of Dc AA5GT in developing carnation petals was highest at early stages, AA5GT activity and anthocyanin accumulation continued to increase during later stages. Neither Dc AA5GT expression nor AA5GT activity was observed in the petals of mutant carnations; these petals accumulated anthocyanin lacking the glucosyl moiety at the 5 position. Transient expression of Dc AA5GT in petal cells of mutant carnations is expected to result in the transfer of a glucose moiety to the 5 position of anthocyanin. The amino acid sequences of Dc AA5GT and Dg AA7GT showed high similarity to glycoside hydrolase family 1 proteins, which typically act as β-glycosidases. A phylogenetic analysis of the amino acid sequences suggested that other plant species are likely to have similar acyl-glucose–dependent glucosyltransferases.
Department of biotechnology and life science, faculty of engineering, Tokyo university of agriculture and technology, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan
The Plant Cell October 2010 vol. 22 no. 10 3374-3389
KEY WORDS anthocyanin, glucosylation, acyl-glucose, glycoside hydrolase family 1

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